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Tigerstorm's picture
1009 pencils

Keyboard shortcuts in OS X

Here is a list of all the shortcuts in Mac OS X.. Perhaps useful if you switched to the mac or forgotten certain shortcuts..

It's a pretty long list, but perhaps useful..


  • "Press X during startup" = Force Mac OS X startup
  • "Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete during startup" = Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)
  • "Press C during startup" = Start up from a CD that has a system folder
  • "Press N during startup" = Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)
  • "Press T during startup" = Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
  • "Press Shift during startup" = start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)
  • "Press Command-V during startup" = Start up in Verbose mode
  • "Press Command-S during startup" = Start up in Single-User mode

Finder window

  • "Command-W" = Close Window
  • "Option-Command-W" = Close all Windows
  • "Command-Right Arrow" = Expand folder (list view)
  • "Option-Command-Right Arrow" = Expand folder and nested subfolders (list view)
  • "Command-Left Arrow" = Collapse Folder (list view)
  • "Option-Command-Up Arrow" = Open parent folder and close current window

Menu Commands

  • "Shift-Command-Q" = Apple Menu Log out
  • "Shift-Option-Command-Q" = Apple Menu Log out immediately
  • "Shift-Command-Delete" = Finder Menu Empty Trash
  • "Option-Shift-Command-Delete" = Finder Menu Empty Trash without dialog
  • "Command-H" = Finder Menu Hide Finder
  • "Option-Command-H" = Finder Menu Hide Others
  • "Command-N" = File Menu New Finder window
  • "Shift-Command-N" = File Menu New Folder
  • "Command-O" = File Menu Open
  • "Command-S" = File Menu Save
  • "Shift-Command-S" = File Menu Save as
  • "Command-P" = File Menu Print
  • "Command-W" = File Menu Close Window
  • "Option-Command-W" = File Menu Close all Windows
  • "Command-I" = File Menu Get Info
  • "Option-Command-I" = File Menu Show Attributes Inspector
  • "Command-D" = File Menu Duplicate
  • "Command-L" = File Menu Make Alias
  • "Command-R" = File Menu Show original
  • "Command-T" = File Menu Add to Favorites
  • "Command-Delete" = File Menu Move to Trash
  • "Command-E" = File Menu Eject
  • "Command-F" = File Menu Find
  • "Command-Z" = Edit Menu Undo
  • "Command-X" = Edit Menu Cut
  • "Command-C" = Edit Menu Copy
  • "Command-V" = Edit Menu Paste
  • "Command-A" = Edit Menu Select All
  • "Command-1" = View Menu View as Icons
  • "Command-2" = View Menu View as List
  • "Command-3" = View Menu View as Columns
  • "Command-B" = View Menu Hide Toolbar
  • "Command-J" = View Menu Show View Options
  • "Command - [" = Go Menu Back
  • "Command - ]" = Go Menu Forward
  • "Shift-Command-C" = Go Menu Computer
  • "Shift-Command-H" = Go Menu Home
  • "Shift-Command-I" = Go Menu iDisk
  • "Shift-Command-A" = Go Menu Applications
  • "Shift-Command-F" = Go Menu Favorites
  • "Shift-Command-G" = Go Menu Goto Folder
  • "Command-K" = Go Menu Connect to Server
  • "Command-M" = Window Menu Minimize Window
  • "Command-?" = Help Menu Open Mac Help
  • "Command-Space" = Open Spotlight (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • "Command-Alt-Space" = Open Spotlight Guide (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • "F12" = Opens Dashboard (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Universal Access and VoiceOver

  • "Option-Command-* (asterisk)" = Turn on Zoom
  • "Option-Command-+ (plus)" = Zoom in
  • "Option-Command-- (minus)" = Zoom out
  • "Control-Option-Command-* (asterisk)" = Switch to White on Black
  • "Control-F1" = Turn on Full Keyboard Access
    When Full Keyboard Access is turned on, you can use the key combinations listed in the table below from the Finder.
  • "Control-F2" = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Menu
  • "Control-F3" = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Dock
  • "Control-F4" = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Window (active) or next window behind it
  • "Control-F5" = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Toolbar
  • "Control-F6" = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Utility window (palette)
  • "Command-F5 or fn-Command-F5" = Turn VoiceOver on or off (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • "Control-Option-F8 or fn-Control-Option-F8" = Open VoiceOver Utility (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • "Control-Option-F7 or fn-Control-option-F7" = Display VoiceOver menu (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • "Control-Option-; or fn-Control-option-" = Enable/disable VoiceOver Control-Option lock (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Mouse Keys

  • "8" = Move Up
  • "2" = Move Down
  • "4" = Move Left
  • "6" = Move Right
  • "1, 3, 7, 9" = Move Diagonally
  • "5" = Press Mouse Button
  • "0" = Hold Mouse Button
  • ". (period on keypad)" = Release Mouse Button (use after pressing 0)

Other Commands

  • "Option-Command-D" = Show/Hide Dock
  • "Command-Tab" = Switch application
  • "Command-Up Arrow" = Move up one directory
  • "Command-Down Arrow" = Move down one directory
  • "Page Up or Control-Up Arrow" = Move up one page
  • "Page Down or Control-Down Arrow" = Move down one page
  • "Option-Drag" = Copy to new location
  • "Option-Command-Drag" = Make alias in new location
  • "Command-Drag" = Move to new location without copying
  • "Command-C" = Show Colors palette in application
  • "Command-T" = Show Font palette in application
  • "Command-Shift-3" = Take a picture of the screen
  • "Command-Shift-4" = Take a picture of the selection
  • "Command-Shift-4, then press Control while selecting" = Take a picture of the screen, place in Clipboard
  • "Command-Shift-4, then Spacebar" = Take a picture of the selected window
  • "Option-Command-esc" = Force Quit
  • "Control-Eject" = Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
  • "Control-Command-Eject" = Quit all applications and restart
  • "Option-Command-Eject or Option-Command-Power" = Sleep
  • "Command-click window toolbar button (upper right corner)" = Cycle through available views for the window's toolbar (dependant on the nature of the Finder or application window)
  • "Command-`" = Cycle through windows in application or Finder (if more than one window is open)
  • "Function-Delete (PowerBook, iBook only)" = Forward Delete (delete the character to the right of your cursor)

Pretty long list =)

Commenting on this Blog entry is closed.

Vortex's picture
20 pencils

Thanks a million! I really needed these.

tyroga's picture
1 pencil

That's a great list... need some for Safari now, just found (cause I was trying one of the ones above) that shift+command+i (when in safari) creates a new mail message with a link to the current window in the body and the page title as the subject.

leov's picture
37 pencils

Safari shortcuts:
: )

Kjetil Valen
kjetil . valen (a) skir . no

Leo Valen
leo (a)

Ivan's picture

Thanks Tiger! :D

Drugo's picture
99 pencils
iancorey's picture
94 pencils

That zoom is the coolest thing in town. Perfect for watching movies on the web "full screen."
Thanks, my friend!

jmontano's picture
1 pencil

Command-Control-D gets the definition of the word under the mouse. Works on any cocoa application

neilio's picture
8 pencils

This is actually a scrape from the Apple Support page:

Not trying to sound accusatory in the least, but it might have been nice to have included a link to where you got this information from.

Another really good resource is the Magical Macintosh Key Sequences page.

Slumming at the BeatnikPad:

Charlotte Web's picture
4 pencils

Command-Option-P-R on startup to zap the PRAM.

I haven't needed to use that one in a long, long time, though.

DeverLite's picture
1 pencil

There are a few more commands that are often helpful for speedily typing text. These work in any standard Mac OS X text field.

Control-F: move to the right (i.e. forward)
Control-B: move to the left (i.e. backward)
Control-N: move to the next line
Control-P: move to the previous line
Control-D: delete the next character
Control-K: delete the rest of the line
Control-Y: paste the the last line deleted with Control-K

hyu's picture
16 pencils

I like MACX very much, this is the useful knowledge for me.thank TigerStorm

interactive's picture
19 pencils

This is some good stuff
I just started with mac so it DOES come in handy

thnx man

.:Better recognize:.

Vonster's picture
30 pencils

How about putting that all in a PDF and offering it up?

Illustrative Designer

Full Downloads's picture
3 pencils

How about putting that all in a PDF and offering it up?


whodabay's picture
43 pencils

I think that Ivan already did so ... just follow the link.

pokie's picture
1217 pencils

FUNCTION DELETE = SWEET!!!!! I have always hated that I couldn't do that. d'oh. :)

Hotkeys's picture
1 pencil

You can find more hotkeys for mac at this keyboard shortcuts site

rocr69's picture
1 pencil
Anonymous's picture

Interesting site, nice design, i have bookmarked it for the future referrence

Anthony Proulx's picture
50 pencils

This list is a MUST BOOKMARK if you use a mac! Repost this information because it is MAC GOLD!

weynand's picture
1 pencil

Fantastic post! A must have bookmark for sure. If you're on the go there's an App that will help you with these too. Great for editors!

delbydev's picture
1 pencil

I came across a really handy short cut in Finder
Select a single or multiple number of files in a finder file panel
Press Function+Space (fn+space)
A really handy popup provides the details as shown in the Finder List View (from the view menu)

A really nice looking function - but pointless if you use finder in list view anyway

Does anyone know if the content of the pop up can be configured - for example show tags (in case of JPG,MP3,even office documents)?

Help appreciated as I like to see file summary documents before opening them

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